At present, China’s machine tool industry has entered a crucial period of development. It must adjust the China cnc machining structure with the integration of the needs of industrial development. This process is very complicated which is based on facts, substantial results and scientific approach. Both the relevant government departments and enterprises should take an orderly and steady way. Leaders should set targets and check them regularly. Besides, they should also sum up the experiences in a certain period, and solve the problems that are encountered in transition.
As a kind of complex production equipment, the machine tool is one of the crucial equipments in the three elements during the development of human productivity. The “advancement” of them determines the productivity and labor productivity. Currently, the United States has the world’s most advanced technology. And in the 20th century, its technology has also been the leading position. Moreover, its automotive industry and aerospace industry also rank first in the world. What are the reasons? The answer is the high scientific and technological level for that the level of productivity depends on the technological level in the fundamental.
In order to speed up the process of industrialization, China must improve the scientific and technological productivity. In addition to great efforts to train personnel, it is also quite necessary to emphasize on infrastructure construction. Thus, the revitalization of this industry becomes the top priority.
Looking at the world development trends of this technology, it can be divided into three stages. Namely, manual machine tools, the high efficient automatic machine tools and the CNC machine tools. At present, the mainstream of the technical level of the world is from single production to CNC ones. It will continue to be the theme in the next 20 years.
Although China’s machine tool industry has a quick development over the past years, it still follows the old development mode technically and strategically. There is no fundamental change in the mode. Therefore, in the future development, how to take the right development strategy is the key point. There are many aspects to be followed.
First of all, it is rather urgent to develop a full range of specialist personnel and train a lot of technology backbones who own the proficient technology, know well about the objective law of development of machine tools, and understand the world technology trends of this industry.
Secondly, we should sum up 60 years’ experiences of this industry in China, promote the advantages and overcome the shortcomings. Besides, we should also learn the advanced development experience from the U.S., Germany, Japan and other countries and pay much attention to the practices.